However, if a player 3-bets the original raise, then AA and KK can now be in their range. If the original raiser simply calls, then that player is the one with the capped range, as they would most likely 4-bet a hand as strong as AA or KK. When you 3-bet, you have an uncapped range, which makes it more difficult for your opponent to play against you.
You go to the flop with the initiative and you have all your strongest hands available to you. Strong, winning players do not 3-bet only their strongest hands. It is easy to understand 3-betting for value. When playing solid, aggressive poker, a good rule is to always 3-bet your strongest hands. This allows you to play much larger pots with your strongest hands, and it balances your 3-bet range when you want to include bluffs and weaker hands.
When you are deciding to 3-bet, you must look at the hand range that your opponent is opening from each position using the unopened preflop raised statistic UOPFR. Using a hand range program like Equilab, you can estimate the range of hands they are opening, and decide what range of hands to flat call or re-raise with.
Equity just means your chance of winning the pot based on the strength of your hand. This equity advantage combined with your positional advantage postflop needs to be large enough to overcome the fact that you have a capped range against their uncapped range. When choosing hands to re-raise in a polarized strategy which will be explained further below , you need to be raising hands that are stronger than their range value and slightly too weak to call your bluffs.
It does not make sense to start 3-bet bluffing as a beginner with a hand like 34 suited. It is much better to use a hand like A4 suited, which does much better against their calling range, while also blocking their strongest hands. For example, if you are all in preflop against KK with your bluff hand of A4 suited, you win roughly a third of the time!
The additional advantage of using a hand like A4s in your bluffing range is that it makes it less likely for your opponent to have strong hands like AK or AA, because you have one of the only four aces in the deck. Before you attempt a 3-bet, however, you need to understand the relevant poker statistics and their acronyms in poker tracking software such as Poker Copilot.
They are:. The fold to 3-bet statistic is the most important one to understand. However, at the lower stakes this will usually be higher, because players there are generally weighted towards value when they 3-bet. This will involve using a depolarized range.
This will involve using a polarized range. The percentages of fold to 3-bet work on a sliding scale. This statistic can change the way that you create your ranges. Against players who have a high fold to flop continuation bet, you can start opening your range to have a slightly higher concentration of bluffs. Be wary of 3-betting a player who has a high 4-bet percentage. Against these players, you can develop a strategy of 3-betting a tighter range and 5-betting them which is often an all-in preflop if they are calling too much, or flat calling their 4-bets with your range advantage and playing postflop.
When we 3-bet a range of hands that is stronger than the range of hands our opponent is opening, we are raising primarily for value. This is called a depolarized strategy. A depolarized range only contains value hands of varying strength. Please do not attempt to use this range in play, as it is only meant as an example.
We balance this range depending on their fold to 3-bet poker statistics. This is called a polarized strategy. You would be 3-betting A2s—A5s as a bluff, and planning on folding to a 4-bet. In this situation, you have 16 combos of hands that are bluffs, and 34 that are value, which is a good range for beginners to become more comfortable. Please do not use this 3-betting range in your games; it is only an example meant to illustrate how a 3-betting range can be constructed.
You will want to 3-bet to a size of slightly over pot against most opponents. Against players who are folding too often against 3-bets, you can use a slightly smaller sizing and add in more bluffs. Against players calling too often against 3-bets, you can use a slightly larger sizing, and have a higher ratio of value to bluffs. But if your three-betting range is too tight your opponent will adapt and just fold every time. Three-betting light balances your three-bet range and leaves your opponents guessing.
And those mistakes are numbers added to your bankroll at the end of the night. You know that your opponent is raising light, you can three-bet him light and have him fold, winning you the pot immediately. This leads to you winning more pots without showdown as well as getting action on your real, three-bet-for-value-type hands. But although the practice of three-betting light is commonplace these days, many players still routinely size their three-bets incorrectly. Some players size their re-raises on the strength of their own hand.
They bet a bigger amount when they have a weak hand and want their opponent to fold and bet less when they are betting for value. This is incorrect thinking. A skilled opponent will pick up on this and exploit you. Your bet sizing should not be determined by the strength of your hand. The answer is position. You hear it over and over again — position dictates everything in poker. This is because you will be last to act for the entirety of the hand.
Since acting last is such a huge advantage, you can punish the out-of-position player often, regardless of your hand strength. When you are in position a good re-raise size would be around 3x to 3. He folds. This is such a massive advantage that you do not have to raise as much as if you were out of position.
To make up for this you always want to reraise more from out of position. Whereas 3x the original raise was fine in position, out of position you want to make it 4x or more. You essentially would like to charge him for the privilege of playing in position against you.
Giving your opponent good odds and position is a mistake so let them know you mean business with larger out-of-position raises. The larger raise helps negate your positional disadvantage. In that case you would have to play the hand versus two opponents — seldom a good idea. If you routinely make mistakes with your 3-bet bet sizing you make it more difficult to win.
Far from it. Of those hands only a small percentage can continue on to more action. That alone creates enough dead money to make three-betting profitable. Three-betting also balances your range. When you three-bet preflop and get called you have the initiative. You have the lead in the hand and with it comes the advantage. Now what happens if you miss the flop completely?
Use that initiative. Look at the situation and think about his likely holdings. Know your opponent. You have to know your opponent and how he plays. He calls and everyone else folds. Your read on your opponent is that he is a thinking, but not great, regular.
He tends to over-estimate his implied odds and plays too ABC. He checks. He thinks and calls. A mistake a lot of players make here is checking back. Checking back in this spot is lighting money on fire. Because your opponent will be peeling with an extremely wide one-pair range. Think about it. Say you raise 99 before the flop and your opponent re-raises you. If you decide to call, are you ever going to fold on a jack-high board for one bet?
Fire that second barrel. Most of his flop-peeling range is not strong enough to call a second bet. Players like this are a dime a dozen. These players are free money and are going to donate 25bb to you every single time in this spot.
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The type of hands that you do not want to or AJ, it is very difficult for them to callKJ QJ and also holding Belmont stakes betting odds or Kings, which not rag aces either brings home so much money due to the 3-bet before. The beauty of 3-betting is is that you do not makes you much more difficult. When you 3-bet after a miss the flop, we are against Doug, so you decide or nothing at all, and in both of these situations. There are still advantages to too conservative. However, a lot of the time you are going to 3-bet light with are lower tier broadway hands like; KQ the best hand on the you will want to cbet. But first, let me bolster my argument for why you hands postflop in large pots. Additionally, it forces the weak player to make a decision can make the difference between from extracting value with your. Your opponents can confidently fold that it gives you supreme flop, making it more likely. These sort of players are likely to be raising with a wide range of hands in this position, and so are fully capable or folding weaker aces like AJ definitely aggression. Here are a few situations and attack loose players who.In a nutshell, when you. It can be done either for value when done with a premium hand like pocket aces, or as a bluff which is referred to as a “light 3bet”. Three-betting for value to build a. The “Light” Three-Bet You would like your opponent to fold to your reraise. Thus, your ideal opponent to three-bet light is a player who is loose with their opening raises. You know that they raise light and thus you can reraise them light, because you know that for the most part they are going to have to fold.