The trophy awarded in ,  the first gold trophy, was a three-legged, three-armed rose bowl. The three-handled loving cup design was first awarded in In that year the Victorian Racing Club had commissioned James Steeth to design a trophy that would be in keeping with the prestige of the race, little realising that it would become the iconic Melbourne Cup still presented today.
A new trophy is struck each year and becomes the property of the winning owner. In the event of a dead heat, a second cup is on hand. The present trophy is hand spun from 1. In an annual tour of the Melbourne Cup trophy was initiated to provide communities across Australia and New Zealand with an opportunity to view the Cup trophy and highlight the contribution the Melbourne Cup has made to Australia's social, sporting and racing culture. Each year, communities in Australia and New Zealand apply for the cup to tour their community and the tour also takes in cities around the world as part of the Victoria Racing Club's strategy to promote the Melbourne Cup and the Melbourne Cup Carnival internationally.
The Tour has visited schools and aged-care and hospital facilities, and participated in community events and celebrations including race days across Australia and New Zealand. Frederick Standish , member of the Victorian Turf Club and steward on the day of the first Cup,  was credited with forming the idea to hold a horse race and calling it the "Melbourne Cup". A large crowd of 4, men and women watched the race, although it has been suggested this was less than expected because of news reaching Melbourne of the death of explorers Burke and Wills  five days earlier on 2 November.
Nevertheless, the attendance was the largest at Flemington on any day for the past two years, with the exception of the recently run Two Thousand Guinea Stakes. The winner of this first Melbourne Cup race was a As a lessee de Mestre "owned" and was fully responsible for Archer during the lease. The inaugural Melbourne Cup of was an eventful affair when one horse bolted before the start, and three of the seventeen starters fell during the race, two of which died.
Archer, a Sydney "outsider" who drew scant favour in the betting, spread-eagled the field and defeated the favourite, and Victorian champion, Mormon by six lengths. Dismissed by the bookies, Archer took a lot of money away from Melbourne, 'refuelling interstate rivalry' and adding to the excitement of the Cup. However, newspaper archives of the day reveal that he had travelled south from Sydney to Melbourne on the steamboat City of Melbourne , together with de Mestre, and two of de Mestre's other horses Exeter and Inheritor.
Archer travelled to Melbourne by steamboat again the following year to run in the second Melbourne Cup. He defeated a field of twenty starters by eight lengths, a record that has never been beaten, and that was not matched for over years.
Mormon again running second. Winning the Melbourne Cup twice was a feat not repeated until more than seventy years later when Peter Pan won the race in and , and winning the Melbourne Cup two years in a row was a feat not repeated until more than 30 years later when Rain Lover won in and Archer travelled to Melbourne by steamboat yet again the next year Despite his weight of 11 stone 4 pounds, Archer would have contested the third cup in , but due to a Victorian public holiday trainer Etienne de Mestre's telegraphed acceptance form arrived late, and Archer was scratched on a technicality.
In protest of this decision and in a show of solidarity, many of de Mestre's owners boycotted the third race and scratched their horses in sympathy. Two years later in two horses with the name Tim Whiffler ran in the Melbourne Cup. The year before in two horses with the same name, Falcon, also ran in the Melbourne Cup. As early as , Cup day was a half-holiday in Melbourne for public servants and bank officials. Various businesses also closed at lunchtime. It took some years before the purpose of the declared holiday was acknowledged in the Victoria Government Gazette.
The Gazette of 31 October announced that the following Thursday Cup Day be observed as a bank and civil public service holiday. The Melbourne Cup was first run on a Tuesday in , the first Tuesday in that month. She was ridden in the Melbourne Cup by the tiny featherweight figure of jockey Peter St. In at the recorded age thirteen he was actually twelve, being 8 days short of his thirteenth birthday ,  Peter St. Albans is also the youngest person ever to win a Melbourne Cup.
Before 75, at Flemington Briseis, with St Albans in the saddle, comfortably won by 1 length in the biggest field of all time. Briseis, ridden by what one writer termed a mere child, in the Cup captured a rare double, the Victoria Race Club Derby and the Melbourne Cup.
Shouts and hurrahs were heard, hats were thrown in the air and one excited individual fell on his back in the attempt to do a somersault. The boy who rode the winner was carried around the pack and is the hero of the day," reported the "Australasian Sketcher" in Both Peter St. Albans and Briseis have now become racing legends, and Briseis is regarded as one of the greatest mares foaled in Australia. Briseis wasn't the only sensation surrounding the Melbourne Cup.
Two months before the event, on Saturday 9 September, the City of Melbourne sailed for Melbourne from Sydney with a cargo including 13 racehorses, many of whom were considered serious contenders for the Melbourne Cup. The following day the ship ran into a savage storm and was hit by several rogue waves, with Nemesis the winner of the AJC Metropolitan Handicap in Randwick, Sydney and favourite for the Cup, owned by John Moffat and Robin Hood another favourite, owned by Etienne de Mestre being among the 11 horses that were killed.
To the dismay and anger of the public, bookmakers, showing no feeling, presented a purse loaded with coins to the captain as token of their appreciation for his part in saving them many thousands of pounds in bets already laid on the favourites who had perished. Perhaps they should have kept their money, however. The outsider Briseis comfortably won by 1 length in the biggest field of all time and is an extremely good time, so it is unlikely that the horses who perished could have beaten her.
James White. In , as in previous years, De Mestre fielded more than one horse. He entered the favourite Firebell owned by W. Cox who finished last, Chester owned by Hon. James White the previous year's winner who fell, and Calamia owned by de Mestre who, though less fancied, won easily  by two lengths. De Mestre's win with Calamia brought to 5 the number of Melbourne Cups he had won. Bart Cummings, regarded as the best Australian horse trainer of all time, went on to win 12 Melbourne Cups to He had to be hidden away at Geelong before the race after an attempt was made to shoot him and only emerged an hour before the race time of the Cup.
There are a few legends of the first Aboriginal jockey to ride in a Melbourne Cup. It was believed to be John Cutts who won the first and second cups in and riding Archer. He was reputedly an Aboriginal stockman born in the area where Archer was trained but was actually John 'Cutts' Dillon, the son of a Sydney clerk, a jockey who rode for many trainers in his long career, and who was one of the best known, best-liked and most respected jockeys in New South Wales.
Albans was the first Aboriginal jockey to win the cup, on Briseis in Because St. Albans was not quite 13 years old, the jockey was too young to ride in the cup. Thus, to allow him to race Briseis in the Cup, it was argued his birthdate and parents were unknown, and from this, the legend of him being Aboriginal grew.
The race has undergone several alterations in recent years, the most visible being the entry of many foreign-trained horses. Most have failed to cope with the conditions; the three successful "foreign raids" include two by Irish trainer Dermot K.
Weld successful in and ,  and one in  by Katsumi Yoshida of Japan 's renowned Yoshida racing and breeding family. The attraction for foreigners to compete was, primarily, the low-profile change to the new "quality handicap" weighting system. The Melbourne Cup was won by Comedy King, the first foreign bred horse to do so. The Melbourne Cup was won by trainer Mrs. Allan McDonald , who conditioned Catalogue. Mrs McDonald was a successful trainer in New Zealand,  however, at the time women were not allowed to compete as trainers in Australia so her husband's name was officially recorded as the winning trainer.
She also won the Caulfield Cup , a 2,metre race also held in Melbourne, and therefore has won the "Cups Double". Maree Lyndon became the first female to ride in the Melbourne Cup, when she partnered Argonaut Style in , in which she ran second last in the 21 horse field. In , Makybe Diva   became the first mare to win two cups, and also the first horse to win with different trainers, after David Hall moved to Hong Kong and transferred her to the Lee Freedman stables.
The Melbourne Cup was held before a crowd of , Makybe Diva made history by becoming the only horse to win the race three times. Trainer Lee Freedman said after the race, "Go and find the youngest child on the course because that's the only person here who will have a chance of seeing this happen again in their lifetime. Due to the Australian equine influenza outbreak , believed to have been started by a horse brought into Australia from Japan, neither Delta Blues nor Pop Rock participated in the Melbourne Cup.
Both horses had been stabled in Japan. Leica Falcon was ordained as the new staying star of Australian racing in when he ran fourth in both the Caulfield Cup and in Makybe Diva's famous third Melbourne Cup victory. But serious leg injuries saw the horse not race for another 20 months. In , Damien Oliver returned from an eight-month ban, after betting against his own mount at a previous race meet, to win his 3rd Melbourne cup.
The Melbourne Cup was overshadowed by recent news of the ill-treatment of horses in the Australian racing industry,   and by the pulling out of notable celebrities including Taylor Swift ,  Megan Gale ,  and X-Men actress Lana Condor.
The winning trophy contains 1. The cup is produced by W. Sanders a sister division within Pallion and takes over hours to produce. Sanders has produced each Melbourne Cup from to present. Melbourne Cup day is a public holiday for all working within metropolitan Melbourne and some parts of regional Victoria , but not for some country Victorian cities and towns which hold their own spring carnivals. For federal public servants it is also observed as a holiday in the entire state of Victoria, and from to also in the Australian Capital Territory known as Family and Community Day replacing Picnic Day.
Many people from outside of Melbourne take a half or full day off work to celebrate the occasion. Many people feel that the day should be a national public holiday as sick leave is said to increase on the day and productivity wanes. As early as , Cup Day was a half-holiday in Melbourne for public servants and bank officials. The Gazette of 31 October  announced that the following Thursday Cup Day be observed as a bank and civil public service holiday.
The event is one of the most popular spectator events in Australia, with sometimes over , people, some dressed in traditional formal raceday wear and others in all manner of exotic and amusing costumes, attending the race. The record crowd was , in The running of the Cup was the first time the , mark had been passed. Today the record at Flemington is held by the Victoria Derby when almost , attended. In , a limit was placed on the Spring Carnival attendance at Flemington Racecourse and race-goers are now required to pre-purchase tickets.
The requirement for elegant hats , and more recently the alternative of a fascinator , almost single-handedly keeps Melbourne's milliners in business. Flowers, especially roses are an important component of the week's racing at Flemington. The racecourse has around 12, roses within its large expanse. Over varieties of the fragrant flower are nurtured by a team of up to 12 gardeners.
Each of the major racedays at Flemington has an official flower. In the Melbourne metropolitan area, the race day has been a gazetted public holiday since , but around both Australia and New Zealand a majority of people watch the race on television and gamble, either through direct betting or participating in workplace cup "sweeps". In , a betting agency claimed that 80 percent of the adult Australian population placed a bet on the race that year. It is commonly billed as The race that stops a nation , but it is more accurately The race that stops two nations ,  as many people in New Zealand, as well as Australia, pause to watch the race.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the greyhound race, see Melbourne Cup greyhounds. For the most recent occurrence of the race, see Melbourne Cup. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Play media. Partial Replay. This audio player requires Flash. Install Flash plug-in on your browser or use Chrome.
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